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Paw Bullet Brown (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-LehreFor Pet Lovers Of All Kinds! :)Paw Bullet Brown (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-Lehre


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Paw Bullet Orange (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-Lehre Please read!: Rules & Folder GuidePaw Bullet Orange (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-Lehre

Paw Bullet Zebra (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-Lehre

Paw Bullet Pink (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-Lehre Some of our FAQsPaw Bullet Pink (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-Lehre

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Paw Bullet Zebra (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-Lehre

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Paw Bullet Light Blue (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-LehreHand rearing puppiesPaw Bullet Light Blue (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-Lehre

This was a two page insert I formulated for an assignment at college when I studied Animal Management. It is by far the most detailed but offers a brief overview.

Sleepy Puppies by merkitten merkitten

Paw Bullet Blue (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-LehreReasons for hand-rearingPaw Bullet Blue (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-Lehre

Sometimes female animals of all types do not take to their young through various reasons and you may find you have to take over the caring of the young. Some breeders have noted that hand-rearing puppies themselves helps to build up their strength and means they can wean them earlier, although this may have its benefits it can also hinder socialisation for the puppies and deprive them of valuable nutrients and life lessons.
Some other reasons you may find yourself hand rearing include:


:bulletblue: Mother dies during birth
:bulletyellow: Mother rejects the puppies once they are born
:bulletblue: Interference from humans during the birthing
:bulletyellow: Mother not producing enough milk
:bulletblue: Runts – often pushed out in favour of bigger, healthier pups
:bulletyellow: Mother is ill and cannot care for puppies
:bulletblue: Helping an inexperienced mother



Puppies by TimelessImages TimelessImages

Paw Bullet Dull Pink (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-LehreWhat will I need?Paw Bullet Dull Pink (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-Lehre


:bulletyellow: Incubator or box that is small and warm
:bulletblue: A heat mat to keep the pups at the right temperature
:bulletyellow: Newspaper or paper towels to line the box
:bulletblue: Notebook and pen for recordings
:bulletyellow: Bottles and teats - various sizes
:bulletblue: Cotton wool or tissue for toileting
:bulletyellow: A bin to discard rubbish
:bulletblue: Puppy food
:bulletyellow: Goats milk or puppy formula/colostrums
:bulletblue: Vitamin and mineral supplements
:bulletyellow: Steriliser
:bulletblue: Blender
:bulletyellow: Puppy bowls – food and water
:bulletblue: Puppy toys
:bulletyellow: Teddy for solitary pups
:bulletblue: Blankets or towels. Non snag material
:bulletyellow: Coloured ribbons for identification purposes
:bulletblue: Thermometer



Pretty German Shepherd Puppies by Ingalinn Ingalinn

Paw Bullet Pink (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-LehreAccommodating the newbornsPaw Bullet Pink (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-Lehre

The puppies can be kept in either a lined box or incubator. With the box a heat mat should be placed under a towel at one end, this allows the puppies to be comfortable at all times. If they are bundled together this is usually a sign they are too cold whilst sleeping far apart they may be too warm.
An incubator is expensive but can be set to an exact temperature with only the need of some towels or lining.
Puppies under the age of two weeks are unable to stabilise their own body heat and require the heat of their mother’s body. If kept in an incubator the temperature should be at 29-32c with at least 55% humidity but not over 65%.
At one week of age their rectal temperature should be at 37.8c so remember to regularly check their temperatures, if it drops it could indicate illness or feeding issues.
After a week the temperature can be dropped slightly to 27C then to 22C when they reach four weeks of age. At this point they will be growing fast and can be moved to a small room where they can move around. Ensure there is always water provided in a stable, shallow bowl.

little puppies by 3thehardway 3thehardway

Paw Bullet Orange (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-LehreFeeding and WeaningPaw Bullet Orange (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-Lehre

When possible puppies should always feed from their mother in the first 24 hours of birth. The mother releases a milk called Colostrum which is rich in antibodies that help them fight against bacteria and illness. Puppies that do not receive their colostrums tend to get sick more often and more quickly than those that did and it can be fatal. It is now possible to buy colostrum in pet store.
From then one it is possible to buy puppy replacement milk much like baby milk they would need to be fed to them every three to four hours depending on the size of the pups, a runt may need a bit more help than the bigger ones. By four weeks this can be reduced to every six to eight hours.
There are a range of bottles and teats available in stores that can be used to feed puppies. Make sure to hold the bottle upside down at an angle so that there is no air bubbles in the formula and it’s a more natural position for the pups.
When your pups reach three weeks you can start weaning them off onto solid food. A general good first meal would be goat milk and baby rice mashed up. This has a lovely creamy taste and is nice a squishy.
Another suggestion is to blend dry puppy food and adding 12.5oz of puppy milk replacer, topping the remainder of the blender with hot water and blending to a mush. Over time you can reduce the amount of fluid until they are ready for wet puppy food or dry puppy mix.

Maya's puppies by NastyCondom NastyCondom

Paw Bullet Brown (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-LehreHygiene and HealthPaw Bullet Brown (Outline) - F2U! by Drache-Lehre

Newborn puppies are unable to excrete by themselves and require their mother’s tongues to stimulate them. As a substitute you can use cotton wool or tissue dipped in a little warm water which should be brushed over their genitals and anus. This should be done before and after every meal and the excrement should be checked for colour and consistency.
Puppy urine should be pale yellow or clear, if it is dark yellow or orange they may not be getting enough fluids.
Faeces should be yellowish brown with a jam-like consistency. If any strange colouring or diarrhoea occur then the puppy should be taken to the vet in case of illness or dehydration.
At three weeks of age puppies should be able to pass urine and stools on their own and should have an area they can go to relieve themselves as they do not like pooping where they sleep.
Make sure this space is cleaned regularly and daily (at least 3-4 times) to prevent bacteria and flies.

Playful Babies. Goldie puppies by DreamEyce DreamEyce

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Unkopierbar Featured By Owner Jul 15, 2014   Photographer
Thanks a lot for the request! :)
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weedenstein Featured By Owner Jul 13, 2014   General Artist
Thanks a lot :floating:
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TakingBackSusan Featured By Owner Jul 13, 2014   Photographer
Thank you!:) (Smile) 
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xmilek Featured By Owner Jul 13, 2014
Thank you kindly for the requests :aww:
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rioMenor Featured By Owner May 31, 2014
Thank you so much  for the request on  the thinker. Kindly thanks : ) :thanks:
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